Whether at home, working in a restaurant, or visiting a retail store, you may encounter a variety of plumbing systems. Turning on your kitchen sink requires a complicated network of pipes and valves to distribute water. Residential and commercial enterprises and communities need large plumbing networks to keep everyone safe, healthy, and happy at all times.
North Bergen NJ has a complex network of subsurface pipes and drainage systems that provide daily water, from storm drains to potable water in your home. We’ll go through the many types of plumbing systems used in North Bergen NJ County, how they deliver clean water, and how they effectively remove waste from buildings in this part.
3 Types of Plumbing Systems in North Bergen NJ
Each plumbing system serves a particular purpose. To keep North Bergen NJ residents safe and healthy, three basic plumbing systems are used to remove harmful waste items from clean drinking water.
1. Storm Drainage
We’ve all seen water run down the side of a road on a wet day or after washing a car. Because of North Bergen NJ storm drainage systems, homes and businesses around the county are not flooded every time it rains. Consider storm drainage systems comparable to your home’s gutters: they collect rainwater and provide an alternative path to travel to minimize flooding or property damage. The same may be said for municipal storm drains.
There are about 1,443 miles of storm drain pipe in North Bergen NJ. Water that travels via these storm drains is directed to local rivers, where it is diverted away from city houses and infrastructure by a network of levees, underground canals, and basins.
During rainfall, grates filter large particles from the water as it runs down the storm drain and is then supplied to a pumping station. Large screens are used at the pumping station to filter out any remaining debris that has made its way into the storm drains, such as twigs and leaves. The stormwater is then routed via kilometers of streams to basins across the city, providing a haven for North Bergen NJ wildlife.
2. Sanitary Drainage
Water that flows via sanitary drainage systems rather than storm drainage systems is sent to a treatment facility through underground sewage mains concealed under the city’s streets. Sanitary drainage is an essential component of every building. People in homes and companies may suffer health concerns due to bacteria not adequately removed from the premises if wastewater is not removed correctly.
Water and sludge are separated in compartments in sanitary plumbing systems for proper disposal. These systems are highly complicated, and a qualified team must examine them to protect the health and safety of everyone in the building. Hazardous waste may include a broad range of microorganisms when there are difficulties with sanitary drainage systems, such as leaks or blockages.
Every bathroom has a P-trap. These traps are required to keep sewage gases out of the construction. When you flush a toilet or pour water down a sink drain, the trap enables wastewater to pass through while replacing it with clean water to prevent gasses from entering the pipes again.
Additionally, internal sewage drainage systems are linked to a roof vent. This helps with flow pressure control and prevents unclean water from flowing in the opposite direction through the pipes.
3. Potable Water
Potable water systems, often known as drinking water, must be built to not interfere with storm and sanitary drainage systems. The last thing you want is for the water you use for cooking and drinking to be contaminated with potentially harmful microorganisms.
Consequently, plumbing specialists are required to repair, install, and insulate pipes that transport potable water. The materials employed in these plumbing systems must function effectively to retain high-quality drinking water and avoid cross-contamination with other pipes. Pipes used to transport potable water are often made of galvanized steel, PVC, CPVC, PEX, or copper, depending on the facility’s size, the water’s temperature, and the frequency of use.
Municipal distribution systems connect water sources to residential and commercial buildings through pipes, pumps, and valves. Over 80% of North Bergen NJ drinking water comes from the North Bergen NJ and American Rivers. Daily, this water is filtered and supplied across the county. This system may also offer water for agricultural purposes such as livestock and crop care.
Plumbing Transport Systems
Water will not move if there is no pressure. This is where transportation systems come into play. A plumbing transport system facilitates water movement from a treatment plant, household plumbing system, or commercial system to its ultimate destination.
A pumping system transports water from its source to residential and commercial structures around North Bergen NJ. There are two kinds of pump systems: centrifugal pumps and displacement pumps. Pumps are utilized to move water and trash to their final destination in North Bergen NJ. Pumps also help to remove hazardous gases and chemicals from waste products, keeping them from entering your house through the pipes.
Sump pumps are employed in the plumbing system of every structure. A house, apartment complex, school, or restaurant may flood if they do not have them. When the water level in the sump basin reaches a certain level, a switch starts the sump pumps. When this switch is activated, water is pushed to a discharge pipe and transported to a predetermined drainage site.
When pumps are not required, sanitary drainage systems rely on gravity to transport sewage away from buildings and toward treatment facilities. Deep below ground, pipes are placed to allow gravity to force wastewater through the piping system, enabling these systems to function.
Gravity is also crucial in the functioning of sewage drainage systems. Excess water must flow down the drain to prevent blockage of streets and sidewalks. There is no pumping device; gravity exerts pressure on the water and pushes it into the underground network of pipes.
Due to the geography of North Bergen NJ, gravity is only beneficial at the start of water transfer. Consequently, the city relies on pump stations to effectively transfer collected rainwater. Siphons are a great way to move water against gravity without needing a pump system.
Siphons, or tubes, are often found in toilets and allow water to flow upward and around a bend in a pipe. Because of the pressure caused by the change in water level, gravity pulls the water over the bend in the pipe, making it seem to work like a pump without the complicated mechanics.
Sump pumps are used in every structure’s plumbing system. It may flood if a home, apartment complex, school, or restaurant does not have them. A switch activates the sump pumps when the sump basin’s water level reaches a specified level. When this switch is triggered, water is pumped into a discharge pipe and carried to a designated drainage point.
Valves serve a variety of purposes in all sorts of plumbing systems. Valves control the flow and direction of water in residential, commercial, and industrial applications, from water shutoff to pressure modification.
When water transport must be halted, cutoff valves are installed throughout the plumbing system to stop the water flow. This is often used while fixing a pipe. When pipe breaks, or leaks occur, the valves may limit water flow from a specific section of the plumbing system, allowing plumbers to repair the fixture safely. Note the location of your home’s cutoff valves, so you know where to turn off the water if there is a leak.
What to Do When Your Plumbing Systems Fail in North Bergen NJ
Each system and feature work together to provide you with the water you need daily. Whatever kind of plumbing system you have, it will need some extra care at some point. Water movement from treatment facilities to your home’s taps and back to displacement areas will cause the plumbing system to fail.
BJC Plumbers North Bergen will examine and repair any problems with your house, business, or municipal plumbing systems as quickly as possible. We specialize in trenchless pipe repair technology, which enables us to replace damaged subsurface pipes without causing any harm to the surrounding property. We will address the matter, and you will not be responsible for any damage to your lawn or landscaping.
Because our team is licensed and insured, You can rely on us to keep your pipes in good working order. Throughout our years of experience, we’ve seen a broad spectrum of damages. We’ll promptly repair your underground lines, whether overgrown tree roots or rusty materials harm them. Contact our North Bergen NJ plumbers today to learn more about our plumbing repair and installation services!